Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors (ISSB) Short-Form

The Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors (ISSB) Short Form (Barrera & Baca, 1990) is a 19-item self-report measure that is abbreviated from a longer, 40-item version (Barrera, Sandler, & Ramsay, 1981). It is designed to assess how often individuals received various forms of assistance during the preceding month, such as directive guidance (e.g., offering advice), nondirective support (e.g., listening and reflecting), positive social exchange (e.g., expressing confidence and encouragement), and tangible assistance (e.g., providing materials or services). See the Background/Quality of the tool for key references.

Tool

Indicators
Administration Method
Number of Questions
19
Creator(s) of Tool
This tool is an adaptation of a longer, 40-item version, which was tested by the creator with mental health outpatients in a study published in 1990 (Barrera & Baca, 1990).

Barrera, M., Jr., & Baca, L.M. (1990). Recipient reactions to social support: Contributions of enacted support, conflicted support and network orientation. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 541-551.
Scoring / Benchmarking
Subjects are asked to rate the frequency of each experience on 5-point Likert scales (1=not at all, 2=once or twice, 3=about once a week, 4=several times a week, and 5=about every day).

To score this inventory, create an average frequency score, by dividing the sum of all of the item scores by the total number of available items (the number of items that were completed by the respondent).
Background / Quality
A study of mental health outpatients conducted using this short form found the scale to have a good rating of internal consistency/reliability (Cronbach’s alpha=.84). The internal consistency/reliability of the long-form as consistently been above .90; and, over a 2-day interval, the test retest reliability was found to be .88 with a sample of 78 adult outpatients (Barrera et al., 1981).

Key reference for short form:
Barrera, M., Jr., & Baca, L. M. (1990). Recipient reactions to social support: Contributions of enacted support, conflicted support and network orientation. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 541-551.
Is there a cost associated with this tool?
No
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