Surveys / Assessments
Academic performance, indicated by low grades and test scores, failing key subjects such as English and math, falling behind in school credits, and being held back one or more times, is an important predictor of high school graduation, further education, and a number of adulthood outcomes ranging from earnings to health and happiness (Redd, Brooks & McGarvey, 2001).
By Urban Institute
Redd Z., Brooks, J. & McGarvey, A. M. (2001). Background for Community Level Work on Educational Adjustment in Adolescence: Reviewing the Literature on Contributing Factors. Washington, D.C.: Child Trends.