Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are diseases that are generally acquired by humans as a result of genital sexual contact (Mayo Clinic, 2012). Some STIs can also be transmitted via used intravenous or IV drug needles and some can be transmitted through childbirth or breastfeeding. In the past, these illnesses have mostly been referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or venereal diseases (VDs). However, in recent years the term sexually transmitted infections has been preferred, because a person may be infected, and may potentially infect others, without showing signs of disease.

Data on STIs are typically obtained from self-report questionnaires, which may be administered at the beginning, at intervals throughout, and at the end of a program. At the program level, performance may be monitored by comparing the percent of participants with STIs at program intake with percentages at later intervals. Change over time for the current cohort may also be compared with that of previous cohorts, to further gauge levels of program effectiveness.

If the program does not appear to be preventing or reducing STIs, program managers may want to assess problems related to program design, implementation, and quality.

By ChildTrends

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Sources Cited

Mayo Clinic (2012). Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sexually-transmitted-diseases-stds/DS01123