Stress Management

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, stress is “the uncomfortable feeling you get when you’re worried, scared, angry, frustrated, or overwhelmed” ( 

Inability to cope with stress can cause “anxiety, withdrawal, aggression, physical illness, or poor coping skills such as drug and/or alcohol use” ( 

The National Research Council (2009) identifies anxiety in middle childhood and adolescence as a risk factor for depression.

Stress Management, sometimes called coping, refers to skills that help individuals feel less fearful or anxious by helping them to relax and adapt.  Coping is frequently characterized as emotion-focused or problem-focused.  Emotion-focused coping skills help the individual target and reduce the emotions caused by the stress; relaxation techniques are an example.  Problem-focused coping skills help the individual learn new ways to think about solving the issues that are causing the stress.

By Urban Institute

Surveys / Assessments


Sources Cited

National Research Council. Preventing Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders Among Young People: Progress and Possibilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2009.

Garcia, C. (2010). Conceptualization and measurement of coping during adolescence: A review of the literature. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 42:2, 166–185.