Spirituality involves seeking or experiencing awareness of  a universal unity or as being or becoming aware of the sacredness of one’s self, others, and the universe, and cultivating identity, relationships, meaning, and purpose that flow from this awareness (Lippman et al. forthcoming; Benson et al. manuscript in preparation). Spiritual awareness may include the following experiences and perspectives: awareness of a sacred inner source of one’s being, or a soul; connection of one’s self to a unity of life that transcends oneself; and awareness of a Creator or divinity and/or spiritual beings in a spiritual realm outside of one’s physical self, such as ancestral spirits or angels, who provide protection, guidance, and blessings. To date, our understanding of how spirituality relates to youth outcomes is limited.




Sources Cited

Benson, P. L., Scales, P. C., Syvertsen, A. K., & Roehlkepartain, E. C. (2012). The spiritual lives of adolescents: An international exploration. Manuscript in preparation.

Lippman, L. H., Ryberg, R., Terzian, M., Moore, K. A., McIntosh, H., & Humble, J. (Forthcoming). Positive and protective factors in adolescent well-being. In B. Asher, F. Casas, I. Frones & J. E. Korbin (Eds.), Handbook of child well-being. New York: Springer.