Feelings and Perceptions About Self

Feelings and perceptions about the self include self esteem/self worth and self efficacy. Self esteem has been associated with symptoms of depression and risky sexual behavior (Salazar et al., 2005; Schmitz, Kugler, & Rollnik, 2003), and there is mixed evidence to suggest ties to sexual debut (Longmore et al., 2004), substance use (Wheeler, 2010), problem behaviors (McKnight, Huebner, and Suldo, 2002), and delinquency (Aspy, et al., 2004; Dekovic, 1999; Kort-Butler, 2010). Self efficacy has been found to relate to several positive outcomes such as academic success and abstaining from drugs and alcohol (Bandura, Pastorelli, Barbaranelli, & Caprara, 1999; Change et al., 2006).

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Sources Cited

Aspy, C. B., Oman, R. F., Vesely, S. K., McLeroy, K., Rodine, S., & Marshall, L. (2004). Adolescent violence: The protective effects of youth assets.  Journal of Counseling and Development, 82, 268-276.

Bandura, A., Pastorelli, C., Barbaranelli, C., & Caprara, G. V. (1999). Self-Efficacy Pathways to Childhood Depression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(2), 258-26

Chang, F.C., Lee, C.M., Lai, H.R., Chiang, J.T., Lee, P.H., & Chen WJ (2006). Social influences and self-efficacy as predictors of youth smoking initiation and cessation: a 3-year longitudinal study of vocational high school students in Taiwan. Addiction, 101,1645-1655. 

Dekovic, M. (1999). Risk and protective factors in the development of problem behavior during adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 28(6), 667-685.

Kort-Butler, L. A. (2010). Experienced and vicarious victimization: Do social support and self-esteem prevent delinquent responses? Journal of Criminal Justice, 38, 496-505. 

Longmore, M. A., Manning, W. D., Giordano, P. C., & Rudolph, J. L. (2004). Self-Esteem, Depressive Symptoms and Adolescents' Sexual Onset. Social Psychology Quarterly, 67(279). 

McKnight, C.G., Huebner, E.S., and Suldo, S.M. (2002). Relationships among stressful life events, temperament, problem behavior, and global life satisfaction in adolescents.  Psychology in the Schools, 39,677-687.

Salazar et al. (2005). Self-Esteem and Theoretical Mediators of Safer Sex Among African American Female Adolescents: Implications for Sexual Risk Reduction Interventions Health Educuation and Behavior, 32, 413-427.

Schmitz, N., Kugler, J., & Rollnik, J. (2003). On the relation between neuroticism, self-esteem, and depression: results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 44, 169-176

Wheeler, S. B. (2010). Effects of Self-Esteem and Academic Performance on Adolescent Decision-Making: An Examination of Early Sexual Intercourse and Illegal Substance Use. Journal of Adolescent Health, 47, 582-590.