Social Support

Social support generally refers to the different types of support that individuals receive from others.  It can be categorized into emotional (e.g., showing affection), instrumental (e.g., providing transportation), informational (e.g., giving advice), and appraisal (e.g., helping make a decision) (Berkman & Glass, 2000). Social support is extremely important for healthy development and can come from a variety of people including (but not limited to) peers, family, neighbors, teachers, and other caring adults. Research shows that social support is associated with psychological well-being and can protect against a range of negative outcomes including mental health issues, poor academic performance, delinquency, violence, early sexual activity, and alcohol and marijuana use (Center for the Study of Social Policy).



Sources Cited

Berkman L. A., & Glass, T. (2000). Social Integration, Social Networks, Social Support, and Health. In: Berkman L., & Kawachi, I. (Eds.),  Social epidemiology (137-173). New York: Oxford University Press.

Center for the Study of Social Policy. Social connections: Protective and promotive factors.  New York: NY.