Broadly defined, life skills are “abilities for adaptive and positive behavior that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life” (World Health Organization, 1997, p. 1). Life skills often relate to social and self management skills, such as coping, communication, conflict resolution, problem solving, peer refusal, assertiveness, time management, and leadership skills (Botvin, 1998). Other life skills relate to essential skills such as financial management, self care, and home maintenance (Center for the Study of Social Policy, 2012).
Botvin, G.J., Mihalic, S.F., & Grotpeter, J.K. (1998). Life Skills Training: Blueprints for Violence Prevention, Book Five. Blueprints for Violence Prevention Series (D.S. Elliott, Series Editor). Boulder, CO: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.
Center for the Study of Social Policy (2012). Youth Thrive: Protective and Promotive Factors for Healthy Development and Wellbeing.
World Health Organization (WHO). (1997a). Life skills education for children and adolescents in schools: Introduction and guidelines to facilitate the development and implementation of life skills programmes. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Programme on Mental Health.